Flax Retting

Ret, Aerated - A type of ret where compressed air is forced into the bottom of the tank to maintain the retting liquor at or near the neutral point as regards acidity. Ret, Aerobic - A type of bacterial ret where the predominant bacteria are aerobic, i.e., work only in the presence of oxygen. Ret, Anaerobic - Any type of bacterial retting where the predominant bacteria are anaerobic, i.e., work in the absence of oxygen. This is the usual condition. Ret, Belgian - A term applied to a tank ret where warm water is sprayed into the bottom of the tank at intervals. Ret, Channel - A ret in which crates of flax are regularly introduced at one end of a water channel and removed at the other end. Ret, Chemical - The straw is subjected to chemical solutions to induce loosening of the fibre from the wood. Ret, Dam - Water retting by immersing the crop or de-seeded straw in dams cut in the earth and filled with water at natural temperature. Ret, Dew - The straw is spread on the ground in the open, in a thin layer and retting is effected by the action of fungi in the presence of rain, dew and sunlight. Ret, Double - The straw is subjected to two independent rets with intermediate drying. Ret, Duplex - A form of tank retting in which one tankful of straw undergoing the second half of its ret is in circulation with another tankful undergoing the first half of its ret. Ret, Interrupted - Essentially a two-stage warm water tank ret, the retting liquor being replaced by fresh water when the ret is about one-half to two-thirds complete. Ret, Pond - Water retting by immersing the crop or de-seeded straw in natural ponds. Ret, River - The straw is immersed in rivers, but usually after being packed in crates. Ret, Rossi - A type of aerated or aerobic retting in which a pure culture of bacteria is introduced. Ret, Tank- - The straw is packed into concrete or other tanks and the temperature of the water and its renewal during the ret is controlled. Ret, Water - The total immersion of the straw in water to induce retting by bacterial action. Retting - The subjection of crop or deseeded straw to chemical or biological treatment to make the fibre strands more easily separable from the woody part of the stem.

Dictionary of the English textile terms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Retting — is a stage in the manufacturing of vegetable fibers, especially the bast fibers. It is a process that employs water and microbial action to separate the bast fibers from the woody core (the xylem), and sometimes from the epidermis as well.In… …   Wikipedia

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  • Flax Cultivation — Bart See sheigh, etc. Beet A bundle or sheaf of tied flax crop or straw. Boll, Flax in The growing flax when the seed capsules have formed. Braird (n. or v.) Flax in the seedling stage. To germinate in the field. Butt (v.) To level the root ends… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Retting — After rippling, the stalks of flax plants are retted to destroy resinous matters which bind the fibre to the wood portions. Retting is a system of putrefaction by steeping the plants in water, or by mechanical and chemical means. The principal… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Retting — Ret ting, n. 1. The act or process of preparing flax for use by soaking, maceration, and kindred processes; also called {rotting}. See {Ret}. Ure. [1913 Webster] 2. A place where flax is retted; a rettery. Ure. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • flax-dresser — flaxˈ dresser noun A person who prepares flax for the spinner by the successive processes of rippling, retting, grassing, breaking, and scutching • • • Main Entry: ↑flax …   Useful english dictionary

  • Flax — For other uses, see Flax (disambiguation). Flax Flax plant Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • flax — /flaks/, n. 1. any plant of the genus Linum, esp. L. usitatissimum, a slender, erect, annual plant having narrow, lance shaped leaves and blue flowers, cultivated for its fiber and seeds. 2. the fiber of this plant, manufactured into linen yarn… …   Universalium

  • retting — ret v. (about hemp or flax fibers) soften by soaking in water, prepare by dampening with water …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Scutched Flax — implies that the fibres after retting have been subjected to the process of scutching which consists of separating the fibre from the wood. In some countries this is done by merely striking the stalks with a wooden knife or flail, but where large …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

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